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Blog & Knowledge Base

February 06, 2023
Identity Proofing: What is it and How Does it Work?

With the increasing reliance on the internet and digital devices in our everyday lives, the need to prove our identity online has never been greater. Unfortunately, the process of identity proofing can be confusing and complicated, especially if you're not familiar with the terminology and concepts involved.

In this guide, we'll explain everything you need to know about identity proofing, from the different types of proofing methods to the benefits and challenges of each. By the end, you'll have a clear understanding of the best way to prove your identity in the digital world.

What is Identity Proofing?

Identity proofing is a process used to verify a person's identity. It helps organizations ensure that someone is who they say they are, usually for security or authentication purposes. This process is necessary to protect organizations and individuals from identity theft, fraud, and other malicious activities.

The goal of identity proofing is to create a secure and trusted environment for users to interact with each other and with organizations. This is especially important in the digital world, where hackers and fraudsters can use stolen identities to gain access to sensitive information or commit cyber crimes. Identity proofing is vital to protect users and organizations from these threats.

The Different Types of Proofing Methods

Identity proofing is a process used to verify a person's identity. There are a variety of methods used to accomplish this task, each with their own pros and cons.

Knowledge-Based Authentication (KBA): This type of identity proofing requires users to answer questions based on personal information that only they would know. This is done by asking questions about the user's address, date of birth, mother's maiden name, or other information that is not easily accessible to anyone else.

Biometric Authentication: This type of identity proofing uses physical characteristics, such as fingerprints, facial recognition, or voice recognition, to verify the identity of a user. This method is considered the most secure because it is almost impossible to replicate a person's physical characteristics.

Two-Factor Authentication: This type of identity proofing requires two separate authentication factors. This could be a combination of a password and a one-time code, or a combination of a username and a fingerprint. This is a very secure form of authentication as it requires two different factors to be verified.

Token-Based Authentication: This type of identity proofing requires users to possess a physical token or card that contains a code or a key. This code or key is used to authenticate the user and is usually only known to them.

Identity proofing is an important tool for organizations and individuals to protect themselves from identity theft and fraud. By using the right type of proofing method, organizations can ensure that their users are who they say they are and that their information is secure.


Identity proofing is a critical step in today's digital world. It helps protect our online identities and ensure that only legitimate users can access sensitive information. By following the steps outlined in this comprehensive guide, individuals can easily gain access to the digital world and verify their identities. With a few simple steps, you can keep your online accounts secure and protect yourself from identity theft. Identity proofing is a necessary step to ensure that your identity is safe and secure in the digital world.

NextgenID is a market leader in identity proofing and enrollment innovation for various workflows. If you are looking for high-assurance identity proofing solutions, check out how we can help!

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